The Baltic Sea has a unique ecosystem,
which is particularly vulnerable due to slow water exchange,
meaning that the same water remains within the Baltic Sea for up to 30 years.
At the same time, human impact on the sea and coastal areas is increasing. Various forms of activity in the Baltic Sea must coexist in the most sustainable way possible, including tourism, transport, fisheries, energy and wind farms. One should note, however, that the negative consequences of this activity, such as the costs of a potential oil spill or other contamination stemming from maritime transport, will be borne primarily by coastal regions and local communities.
Maritime transport is often regarded as an environmentally friendly alternative to road transport. At the same time, maritime transport can endanger the Baltic Sea environment and thus the quality of life of the inhabitants of coastal regions. It is, therefore, necessary to implement standards and measures aimed at preventing accidents and oil contamination, and to take effective measures to reduce environmental pollution. It is important to determine and implement all these activities in the Baltic States, both at national and regional level.
Baltic Master II is a key project listed in the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, encompassing all countries of the region. The objective of the project is to improve maritime safety by integrating local and regional development strategies with cross-border cooperation. This includes improving onshore preparedness in the event of oil spills and preventive measures to protect the environment from the harmful effects of maritime transport.
Work under the Baltic Master II project started in 2008 as the continuation of the recognised Baltic Master project. The project brings together 48 partners from all countries of the Baltic Sea region, which represent local, regional and national authorities, as well as scientific institutes and Pan-Baltic organisations.
Port of Gdynia Authority S.A. (with the Department of Environmental Protection, Port of Gdynia Authority S.A. being mainly involved) will actively participate in two working groups of the project: "WP 3 - Improved on land response capacity to oil spills" And "WP 4 - Enhanced prevention of pollution from maritime transport".
Port of Gdynia Authority S.A. will act as the leading port as regards preparation for the implementation of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments (BWM Convention).
|STUDIES PREPARED UNDER THE BALTIC MASTER II PROJECT (PL)|
|A report – an assessment of risk associated with introducing non-native species based on the quality of ballast water|
|The impact of ballast water on the biodiversity of periphyton in the Port of Gdynia|
|Guidelines for the introduction of the provisions of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments in sea ports|
|Models for the determination of the amount of discharged ballast water|